We can divide man-made systems into
three broad categories:
- They are deterministic systems, behavior
of which is strictly predefined by theirs creator. All ancient automatic systems and, up
to today fly-by-wire airplanes belongs to this category. These systems are inherently incapable to find solutions to new unforeseen
- They are simple self-learning systems, which are capable of finding via input space decomposition previously unknown
solutions for the different problems by using problem-resolving algorithms predefined by a system creator. These systems have limited intelligence and they are inherently incapable
to find more advance solutions to the problems then can find creator who uses the same algorithms.
- They are humanoid systems which
can via self-learning generate problem resolving algorithms more efficient than algorithms that can be provided by a system creator. As a result, these systems have
potential to find solutions to the problems that system creator is incapable to find. In other words, intelligence of such
systems can be superior to the intelligence of a system creator. As an example,
we can consider a self-learning process demonstrated by a person who is successfully resolving SuDoku puzzles of constantly
increasing difficulty. This person starts this process by using simple puzzle resolving algorithms presented in the beginning
of every SuDoku book. However, to be capable to find solutions for puzzles of constantly advanced difficulty without external
help he/she has persistently try to find by himself/herself
more and more advanced puzzle resolving algorithms. As a result, he/she will eventually demonstrate intelligence superior
to the intelligence contained in the suggested in the book algorithms.
In cases when we have more then one
self-learning system systems can cooperate as a group by exchanging outcomes of their self-learning and create commonly used
database of solutions. It should be noted, that this kind of cooperation could drastically speed up process of evolution of
As we said earlier, systems of a second
group cannot exceed intelligence of theirs creator, however, systems of a third group have a potential to do so.